Monday, May 25, 2020
According to the Criminal Code of Canada, physician-assisted suicide is illegal in Canada. However, due to the changing minds of Canadians and their values over a course of time, Canada created new laws that directed the act of assisted suicide by a physician. However, it is an ongoing debate whether these laws are problematic or beneficial. CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s new laws regarding doctor-assisted suicide are effective because patients can die with dignity, there are benefits to the healthcare system and there will be less emotional turmoil for patients and their families. To begin, patients can die with dignity. Dying with dignity is the philosophical concept that a terminally ill individual should be allowed to die naturally and comfortably instead of experiencing a life of deep unconsciousness prolonged by mechanical support systems. (Death with Dignity) In 1993, Sue Rodriguez, a sufferer of ALS, believed that the time and manner of her death should not be determined by her illness or b y the law. She expressed that it should be legal for a physician to end her life for her at a time she has chosen. (Fenton) Rodriguez took her case to the Supreme Court of British Columbia, she argued that Section 241(b) of the Criminal Code, everyone who aids or abets a person in committing suicide commits an indictable offence, violates her rights in the Charter under Section 7, that everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security, 12, that everyone has the right not to be subjected to anyShow MoreRelatedThe Ethical Dilemmas Of Euthanasia Essay1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Ethical Dilemmas of Euthanasia in Canada with the Legalization of Physician-Assisted Suicide This systematic analysis of the professional literature will explore the ethical dilemmas that Canadian medical professionals face while considering euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide, the latter of which was made legal in Canada on June 17, 2016 (Chochinov and Frazee, 2016). This paper will discusses the conflicts that healthcare professionals are faced with when looking at the quality of lifeRead MoreThe Legalization Of Physician Assisted Death1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The idea of committing euthanasia and physician- assisted suicide (PAS) had a historical root in the nineteenth century and referred as skillful alleviation of suffering1 in Latin transcripts. Recently the theme of the legalization of physician-assisted death (PAD) in Canada boosted in 2012. The decision of the British Columbia Supreme Court in the case of Carter v. Canada (Attorney General) was the threshold of the theme. It ruled that the Canadian Criminal Code 2 prohibition against PADRead MoreThe Eth ical Dilemmas Of Euthanasia Essay2007 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageseuthanasia and PAS that have arisen in Canada since its legalization. This Literature Review is organized into six sub-categories: (1) the law (2) medical issues (3) patient capacity and autonomy (4) expenditures: palliative care vs. assisted suicide (5) family (6) ethics. This review will offer a foundational understanding of the practices of euthanasia and PAS and defining the various dilemmas that have arisen for medical professionals under the new Canadian law. The literature gives the acronym forRead MoreShould Euthanasia or Assisted Suicide Be Legalized in Canada?1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesunwanted medical treatments. The question that remains today is whether legalizing active euthanasia in Canada could either benefit or harm not only the individuals involved, but also society as a whole. Pro-euthanasia people portray euthanasia as a case of individual liberty. The individual has their own right to do as they wish with their own bodies so long as it does not harm others. Laws against euthanasia are not only unjust because they violate individual privacy, but they are also unconscionableRead MoreEuthanasia in Canada1988 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesin Canada: Issues and Arguments Intro To Criminology 1150-005 Word Count - 1657 1 Euthanasia in Canada has been a big issue, both morally and politically in Canada over the past couple years. Different groups argue that euthanasia is a basic human right, whereas opposing groups argue contradictory to that, saying it is not. There have been quite a few legal battles over the right of euthanasia due to this difference in views in Canada -RodriguezRead MoreThe Separation Of The Two Stances Lie1284 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesalso either forbid suicide or perceive it to be a grave sin, the Hindu belief even regards killing oneself as serious of a crime as killing another person (Friedman). If PAS were legalized, a large amount of religious followers would protest and cause social unrest to defend their beliefs. In Canada, new guidelines from the Catholic Bishops of Alberta and the Northwest Territories encourage priests to Ã¢â¬Å"consider refusing funerals for people who have chosen physician assisted death because [suchRead MoreThe Canadian Medical Association Defines P hysician Assisted Death2317 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesMedical Association defines physician-assisted death (PAD) as Ã¢â¬Å"[when] a physician knowingly and intentionally provides a person with the knowledge and/or means required to end their own livesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ . (A, p29) In Canada, suicide has been legal for years, but euthanasia and physician-assisted death have only recently been decriminalized in a court of law. However, until 2016, PAD can still be charged as Ã¢â¬Å"culpable homicideÃ¢â¬ under section 222 and 229 of the Criminal Code of Canada. (B,K) The specifics of the debateRead MoreThe Principle Of Respect For Patient Autonomy Essay2130 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageswould submit to a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s request for an assisted death stated that respect for the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s autonomy was important in their decision-making (Fried, Stein, OÃ¢â¬â¢Sullivan, Brock, Novack, 1993). Physicians who would not comply with a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s request for an assisted death agreed that resp ect for autonomy was significant but instead citing other factors such as ethical and legal concerns (Fried et al., 1993). Expenditures Before the passing of the new law, gravely ill Canadians were forced to travelRead MoreUtilitarianism : The Morally Right Action1194 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmeasured through feelings, or any other activities. According to the article written by Nordqvist, Christian Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide. In medical news today, the English medical word Ã¢â¬Å"euthanasiaÃ¢â¬ originates from the Greek word eu meaning Ã¢â¬Å"good,Ã¢â¬ and the Greek word thanatos meaning Ã¢â¬Å"death .Ã¢â¬ He also points out that, Ã¢â¬Å"EuthanasiaÃ¢â¬ is commonly known as assisted suicide by medical professionals, or an intentionally ending individual life to minimize overall suffering or pain. In the UK, it isRead MoreAssisted Suicide Should Be Legal2030 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAssisted suicide is the intentional termination of life by another at the explicit request of the fully aware patient who dies. Assisted suicide should be legalized in Canada, and the world at large. The topic of Assisted Suicide has more recently become a controversial topic being debated around the world. According to the new health guide website last updated this month, Assisted Suicide is legal in only 11 countries. A survey ta ken by dying with dignity.com was answered by 80% of citisens all
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Role and Function of a Human Resources Department In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s work environment, organizations are continually seeking an advantage over the competition. One resource to assist with this ambition is to utilize the human resources (HR) department as a strategic partner in the micro and macro planning of the organization. This paper will define the role and function while distinguishing the duties and responsibilities of an effective HR department. Background Ellard Williams, Incorporated (EWI) is a manufacturing firm employing nearly 11,300 workers (Colorado State University - Global Campus, n.d.). At this time, the firm is experiencing deficiencies in the HR department, which is leading to ineffective processes and a drop in profits throughout the organization. A strategic analysis revealed a slump in growth, high turnover rate, underpaid staff, and a loss in profits if all activities remain the same (n.d.). As a result of the unsuccessful HR department, employee motivation, performance, and productivity are suffering that is causing production delays and high defect rates (n.d.). Role and Function The HR professionalÃ¢â¬â¢s function is more than shuffling through applications, inputting data, and providing reports. Ã¢â¬Å"Among HR roles, many authors argue that the Ã¢â¬Å"strategic roleÃ¢â¬ is a pivotal one for HR professionals in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s organizationÃ¢â¬ (Mitchell et al, 2013, p. 900). What this means for HR professionals is they should participate in developmental and organizationalShow MoreRelatedRole Of A Human Resource Department984 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRole and Function of a Human Resource Department Human resources (HR) are so much more than the traditional view of an administrative function within the organization. If properly developed and initiated HR can become a strong, strategic business partner. This paper looks at the purpose and role of human resources as a strategic partner as well as its impact on the responsibilities of an HR department. Purpose and Role As businesses evolve and grow so do the purpose and role of an HR departmentRead MoreThe Role of Human Resources Department613 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pages The role of the human resources department is to maximize its expertise and knowledge to promote a diverse work environment that values service excellence, personal well being and professional development. Some of the functions of human resources are to stay compliant with labor laws, to recruit, hire and train the best-qualified people to do the job. Human resource planning is an important factor of the human resources department. It is the process of forecasting the supply and demand for humanRead MoreThe Role Of Human Resources Department At The Management Training Process1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesunderstand the role of the Human Resources department in the management training process, there must first be an understanding of the origin and true intention of the implementation of such department. Many business professionals may be under the impression that Human Resources is a modern institution created around the industrial era made famous by the teaching and research of Dave Ulrich. To a certain extent this would be a correct assumption. There are multiple perceptions of the modern Human ResourcesRead MoreThe Role Of Traditional And Antiquated Function Of Any Human Resources Department1403 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfunction of any human resources department was to employ, terminate and event plan for companies. The emergence and expansion of human resources information systems (HRIS), places the human resources department on par with strategic management planning, and forays into competition. The HRIS system is not just the Ã¢â¬Å"composite of databases, computer applications, and hardware and software necessary to collect/record [Sic], store, manage, deliver, present, and manipulate data for human resources as espousedRead MoreHuman Resource Department : The Human Resources Department816 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestalented employees. The human resources department has had an important role and underappreciated role in employee hiring and retention. Through the use of strategic human resource planning, human resources departments are able to benefit a company both directly and indirectly. A direct benefit of the human resources department is the support the department provides to line managers. Human resource department staff are available to provide support to line managers, but human resource staff should notRead MoreThe Importance Of A Good Human Resource Department1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA good human resource department is essential to any successful businesses in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Before human resource managers were seen as people who deal with employee disputes and little more, now this is just one small part of their role to organisations. Human resource is a huge department for reasons as being a key planner in helping companyÃ¢â¬â¢s employee performances. In this essay I will be exploring the different types of personnel management that is used, assessing the roles of human resourceRead MoreMicrosoft s Business Env ironment And How It Is Human Resource805 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s Business Environment and how it relates to Human Resource According to Tech Target, Microsoft is one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most competitive and leading producers of computer software (Rouse, 2007). Initially the company was established in 1981 but their foundation can be rooted back to 1975 (Rouse, 2007). MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s organization has seven components of their structure. These components consist of value, major shareholders, employees, revenue, board of directors, advisors, and subsidiariesRead MoreHuman Resources Management1005 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman resources management is the process of hiring and developing employees so that they become more valuable to the organization. Human Resource Management includes conducting job analyses, planning personnel needs, recruiting the right people for the job, orienting and training, managing wages and salaries, providing benefits and incentives, evaluating performance, resolving disputes, and communicating with all employees at all levels. Examples of core qualities of human res ources management areRead MoreFunctional Areas of Business1020 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbusiness are management, law, human resources management, leadership, accounting, finance, economics, research and statistics, operations management, marketing, and strategic planning. Although, all of the functional areas are essential to the success of a organization, two areas stand out as key to getting the business started and keeping it profitable, and they are human resources management and the accounting area (University of Phoenix, 2013). The Human Resources Management (HRM) area of businessRead MoreThe Role of Human Resource in Healthcare1011 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Human resource department is significant in the health care industry. This is because it necessitates the delivery of quality health care from a consumer perspective, physicians, regulators, employees and payers. It is vital that human resources department gives room for working closely with all parties in the organization. This ensures that the health institution becomes successful. The department works closely with all employees to assist a person to understand their responsibilities
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Case Analysis: Zelte USA By Kimberley Coleman Strayer University BUS 520 Critique MeindleÃ¢â¬â¢s management and leadership styles. MeindleÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to management resembles a hierarchal structure, with orders coming down from the top with very little upward communication. He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay much attention to individual personalities. Maintaining tight control over all company operations was the way Meindle managed Zelte. He refused to allow other sales representatives to contact the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s largest customers. Meindle also meddled in the day to day operational activities of the company. For example, Meindle signed every purchase order, instead of letting the purchase manager sign for it. He reviewed every piece of mail thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The American subordinates felt technical incompetence. Meindle paid less attention to individual personalities. According to Daniel Workman, analyst of GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s management style, Ã¢â¬Å"they resist change. German managers have a strong aversion to risk and a superiority complexÃ¢â¬ . This compels to Germans to maintain t ight control of key management positions. What alternatives do the four managers have to solve the dilemma they face? Ã¢â¬ ¢ Tom Williams Ã¢â¬â Finance manager, who is tired of fighting with his boss. DoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t speak German, never traveled to Germany. Ã¢â¬Å"Just live with itÃ¢â¬ . DoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to deal with making a decision, or ruffle any feathers. Tends to ignore what is going on and do nothing. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Lloyd Forrest - Production manager, who wants to provide good service to the customer and make sure that the customers are satisfied. Lloyd appears to be one who sees the overall big picture. He may be able to point out to Meindle the mutual benefits of working together and compromising. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Bob Holson Ã¢â¬â Sales manager, whose alternative option may lead to quitting the company. He is not enthusiastic to how the company is being run. His approach to this situation should be minimized discussion or expression of feelings or subjective elements unless Meindle appears to be open to this perspe ctive. DoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t speak German. Visit Germany briefly. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Dan Offerman- Youngest member of the Zelte management team, who
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Analysis and Evaluation of a Cloud Computing Service Provider. Answer: The concept of cloud computing is used by various organizations to lower their operational costs. This is because the cloud computing service provider will be responsible for overseeing the delivery of services to the clients and as such the company has less to worry in terms of the hardware and software configurations and maintenance. However, this does not imply that all the delivery of the services is left to the cloud computing vendor and therefore, the company will be required to have the necessary requirements in place. Thus, a company will have to develop an effective strategy for moving its services to a cloud platform. The strategy should consider various factors including remote administration, resource management and the available cloud computing vendor SLA guidelines (Buyya, Yeo, Venugopal, 2008, p.98). The various factors to consider are discussed below. The concept of remote administration There are many definitions with regard to remote administration. However, the general explanation of remote administration is that it involves the process of configuring and controlling a computer system with the physical presence of the administrator. It therefore, implies that the computer system is managed and controlled from a different location from where it is located. The advancement of technology has led to the discovery of new inventions regarding remote administration and this has been accelerated by the increase in the number of software that are been developed around the world to help in managing computer systems from a distance. It is therefore necessary for DSI to have an effective remote administration system before launching its services. An effective remote administration system The remote administration system is a very vital component in an organization that is considering launching it services on a cloud computing platform. Thus, the management of DSI will have to ensure that there is a well set up and configured remote administration system before they can launch the Online Spatial delivery System (OSDS) on cloud computing platform. The system will be necessary especially where DSIs administrators need to ensure that the IT resources available on the cloud computing platform are effectively managed. For the remote administration to work effectively, the company should ensure that they have a well established internet connection between its systems and the cloud platform from the service provider. Connecting to the cloud computing platform will ensure that DSI can view how OSDS resources are utilized. In general, the remote administration system connects an organization to the cloud platform and thus they can be able to regulate their resources and servic es without their physical presence. Some of the tasks that DSIs administrator will be able to perform using the remote administration system include; DSI will set up and configure the OSDS services on the cloud DSIs administrator will be able to observe and evaluate the performance of OSDS The concept of resource management In an organization, there exists a variety of resources that are utilized to help in the operations of the company. These resources are what give an organization a competitive advantage and as such the resources need to be managed effectively for the organization to keep competing favorably. The resource could be in terms of raw materials, labor, or any other existing infrastructure. This, therefore, requires the management of DSI to have a well structured strategy that will ensure that the existing resources are well managed leading to the realization of the outlined goals and objectives. Also an organization should ensure that its resources are well utilized. DSI should consider the resource management system provided by the existing vendors before deciding on moving the OSDS services on the cloud computing platform. Well structured resource management system It is necessary for the cloud computing service provider to have a well structured system that will be used to coordinate the OSDS resources and services based on the terms of agreement that the service provider and DSI will have developed. It is necessary for the provided resource management system to incorporate virtual infrastructure machine (VIM) that will help in coordinating the various OSDS hardware resources (Patel, P., Ranabahu, Sheth, 2009, p.123). in general, the resource management system will be important to DSI as it will help in accomplishing the following task; It will facilitate the coordination of the various OSDS resources With a well structured resource management system, DSI will be able to implement the necessary OSDS user policies. Consideration of the available SLA guidelines For any organization that is considering outsourcing IT resources or service it is necessary to consider the SLA guidelines that are provided by the cloud vendor. These guidelines are what defines the relationship that the cloud service provider has with the client in this case, department of spatial information (DSI) that is, the SLA guidelines outlines the terms of contract that the between the service provider and DSI. The SLA guidelines may vary from vendor to vendor but the basic aspects that should be covered include; the terms of agreement, the duration of the contract, and the metrics that an organization can use to measure the performance of the services provided which includes the availability and the reliability of the services provided. Therefore, DSI should compare the SLA guidelines for different vendors so that it may choose on the one that is suitable for its OSDS services. In addition, DSI management should consider drafting some of the SLA requirements that it is looking for so that it becomes easier to select those that are almost similar to its expectations. Having a well structured SLA guidelines will ensure that the process of launching the OSDS services on a cloud computing platform is done in a professional way that I both satisfactory to the service provider and the client. This will, in turn, ensure that the OSDS does not experience frequent failures (Buyya, Yeo, Venugopal, 2008, p.145). The Concept of Backup and Disaster Recovery While using the cloud computing services, DSI should ensure that there are necessary measures and mechanisms to backup or recover the date in case of a system failure. This, therefore, implies that DSI will have to develop the necessary backup and disaster recovery plan for its Online Spatial Delivery System. A backup plan involves having a well outlined strategy that is used to archive data such that when the system fails the data is not destroyed or lost. Thus, DSI should ensure that they have a well structured strategy and the necessary facilities that will be used in case there is a system failure. Apart from having an effective backup plan, DSI should also develop a disaster recovery strategy which will be used to restore data after the system has failed due to the occurrence of unforeseen circumstance or natural disaster. Hence, with an effective recovery strategy, DSI can continue its operations in the event of a disaster occurring. Assessing the Effectiveness of the SLA using Erls guidelines There are various factors that an organization should consider before accepting on the SLA provisions of any given service provider. Based on the Erls guidelines an effective SLA provision should have the following aspects well outlined; Outline of the Business Policies The SLA provisions of any cloud computing service provider should give an outline of various policies which governs the relationship of the client and the service provider. The policies outlined will in many circumstances vary based on the nature of the business. The provisions can be based on the business services or products. In this case, the cloud service provider should clearly state their responsibility in ensuring that the OSDS services will reach the clients. The SLA should guarantee the delivery of service by the Cloud service provider After the cloud service provider has clearly outlined the responsibilities, the provider should be able to guarantee to the client through the SLA provisions that the services will be delivered effectively as required. In this case, the service provider should outline the measures to be used to assess its performance. The performance can be assessed by monitoring the availability and reliability of the service. The cloud service provider should also state on the measures to be taken in case the service provided does not meet the expectations of the client that is, DSI. SLA guideline should outline the Services offered According to Erls guidelines, the cloud service provider should vividly state the services that will be provided to DSI. Outline how governance and versioning is done The SLA guideline for any cloud service provider should clearly define the role of the cloud service provider and the client. Specifying the roles eliminates the aspect of confusing roles between the provider and he client. Have the necessary support mechanisms The SLA provided by any service provider need to outline the support mechanisms that the client will be provided with in case of the system failure or when the cloud computing platform is down. Thus, from the Erls guidelines outlined above, DSI should be careful while selecting a cloud computing vendor to ensure that the launch of OSDS is effective according to the management expectations. DSI should carefully scrutinize the vendors SLA guidelines to ensure that there are no loopholes that the provider can use to exploit the clients. Summary The evaluation above was carried out to assess various requirements and effectiveness of cloud computing platforms. The results of the assessment will be of great help to the Department of Spatial information (DSI) that is considering launching its Online Spatial Service Delivery (OSDS). It is observed from the assessment that before launching the OSDS service on a cloud platform, DSI should ensure that; The necessary technical requirements are met. This includes having an effective remote administration system, and resource management system. DSI should also effectively scrutinize the SLA provisions of the various vendors so as to be able to choose on the suitable vendor. Other factors that need to be considered are an effective backup and disaster recovery plan With the launch of the OSDS on a cloud computing platform, DSI will benefit greatly because; they will be able to lower their cost of operations, and ensure fast delivery of OSDS services to the clients. Despite of the cloud computing benefits, there are a lot of risks that are associated with the cloud computing platform including the risk of losing confidential information and operations of the business may be impaired where the cloud fails. References Amazon, E. C. (2015). Amazon web services. Available in: https://aws. amazon. com/es/ec2/(November 2012). Buyya, R., Yeo, C. S., Venugopal, S. (2008, September). Market-oriented cloud computing: Vision, hype, and reality for delivering it services as computing utilities. In High Performance Computing and Communications, 2008. HPCC'08. 10th IEEE International Conference on (pp. 5-13). Ieee. Casalicchio, E., Silvestri, L. (2013). Mechanisms for SLA provisioning in cloud-based service providers. Computer Networks, 57(3), 795-810. Liu, Y., Ngu, A. H., Zeng, L. Z. (2004, May). QoS computation and policing in dynamic web service selection. In Proceedings of the 13th international World Wide Web conference on Alternate track papers posters (pp. 66-73). ACM. Ercolani, G. (2013). Cloud Computing Services Potential Analysis. An integrated model for evaluating Software as a Service. Cloud Computing, 77-80. Patel, P., Ranabahu, A. H., Sheth, A. P. (2009). Service level agreement in cloud computing. Raimondi, F., Skene, J., Emmerich, W. (2008, November). Efficient online monitoring of web-service SLAs. In Proceedings of the 16th ACM SIGSOFT International Symposium on Foundations of software engineering (pp. 170-180). ACM. Subashini, S., Kavitha, V. (2011). A survey on security issues in service delivery models of cloud computing. Journal of network and computer applications, 34(1), 1-11. Terry, D. B., Prabhakaran, V., Kotla, R., Balakrishnan, M., Aguilera, M. K., Abu-Libdeh, H. (2013, November). Consistency-based service level agreements for cloud storage. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (pp. 309-324). ACM. Younis, M. Y. A., Kifayat, K. (2013). Secure cloud computing for critical infrastructure: A survey. Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, Tech. Rep. Zhang, Q., Cheng, L., Boutaba, R. (2010). Cloud computing: state-of-the-art and research challenges. Journal of internet services and applications, 1(1), 7-18. Zheng, Z., Lyu, M. R. (2012). Optimal fault tolerance strategy selection for web services. Web Service Composition and New Frameworks in Designing Semantics: Innovations: Innovations, 218.
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
Video Games and Society Essay Video Games: A History of Violence? HAHA! I KILLED YOU! IÃ¢â¬â¢M NOW LEVEL 30! How and why does mass media influence aggressive behavior? More specifically, does playing video games cause aggressive behavior? Because children and teenagers spend an increased amount of time each day viewing/playing video games, they are shaping their values, attitudes, and behaviors. For people who do act out aggressively, the results can be deadly. Monthly, the news is filled with blood-chilling accounts of crimes committed due to a copy-cat obsession with violent video games. Violent video games are changing the values that parents have taught their teens. Parents want their kids to have good values such as being kind, truthful, caring, and courteous to others. The video games that they are letting their teens play are promoting none of these golden values. What has the world come to? When a child can walk into a store and find video games where you win based on how many people you can kill or how many places you can blow up. Parents would not want their teens to go around in real life killing other people or using explosives in any way. So whatÃ¢â¬â¢s the difference in letting them virtually do it in your house? We will write a custom essay sample on Video Games and Society specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Video Games and Society specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Video Games and Society specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Letting teens play violent video games are changing their values to the ones being taught inside the game as well as many across the world today. For the past 40 years, since the first video games were created, the gaming industry has developed games that would surpass other games before it. Since the late 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, when the first two games of Ã¢â¬Å"Pac-manÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Space InvadersÃ¢â¬ were created, video games have changed tremendously over time. The late 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s through the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s video game makers used what was called an 8-bit graphic system, which limited many features they could put in video games. Violence was not realistic, blood was not red, and so violence in video games was not incorporated into the new games that appeared on the market. In the early 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, video game makers began using a 16-bit graphic system which would enable them to incorporate much more detail of violence and blood into video games. This caused an increase in violent video game demand and an increase in realistic violent events incorporated into these games. With technology in video games enhanced, the productivity on violent videos games moved up as well. When a game called Ã¢â¬ËMortal KombatÃ¢â¬â¢ was released in the early 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s with a gruesome death seen in the game, the US Congress had to intervene. They told the gaming industry they had to come up with an accurate grading system to rate the games on age-appropriateness and content-appropriateness. This brought on the ESRB or A. K. A the Ã¢â¬Å"Entertainment Software Rating Board. Ã¢â¬ While rating each video game and posting that rate on them has improved access by small children, teens and young adults can still buy and view very violent scenes. In 2007, there was a tragic event at Virginia Tech University. A young man by the name of Seung Hui Cho went on a rampage on the campus and killed a total of Ã¢â¬Å"32 students and facultyÃ¢â¬ . Cho admitted to watching videos games before the rampant killing, and just like the Ã¢â¬Å"Columbine massacre,Ã¢â¬ people blamed the Virginia Tech shooting on violent video games. There were also other mental health factors that attributed to this senseless act of violence. In the year 1999, a tragic shooting at Columbine High School occurred. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold killed 12 students, along with one teacher. Shortly after the attack and killing of their fellow students and teacher, they both committed suicide. After the massacre, a police investigation revealed a video tape of both the boys. In the video, both boys made the comment saying it would be Ã¢â¬Å"just like doomÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"DoomÃ¢â¬ is a violent video game that burst on the market in the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s shortly after the new genre of gaming called Ã¢â¬Å"first person shooter,Ã¢â¬ a 3-dementional environment type of video game, showed up on the scene. Since the Ã¢â¬Å"Columbine massacreÃ¢â¬ and the shooting at Virginia Tech, scientists have more thoroughly studied whether violent video games causing aggressive behavior can be linked together. Since the inception of media, especially after violence was introduced to it, hundreds of studies have focused their research on viewing these violent acts and aggression. When violent video games emerged, researchers turned to analyzing these much more closely. Many of the studies focused on the sex of the person and studying male versus female aggression after viewing and playing video games. Some studied viewing violent video games versus playing the violent games to find if there was a connection between the two. But the question remains: Can scientists, with certainty, conclude that an activity that most children and teenagers partake in, lead to violence in such a small percentage of those children and teenagers? In 2007, C. J. Ferguson from Texas AM University reviewed articles/studies based on the positive and negative effects of violent video games. In his research, the Ã¢â¬Å"relationship between video game violence and aggressionÃ¢â¬ ¦have produced mixed findingsÃ¢â¬ . Throughout Fergusons tudy, he Ã¢â¬Å"specifically found significant problems with publication bias in the video games effects literature, as well a tendency for the use of unstandardized measures of aggressionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ If there are no standardized ways of testing aggression, how can a relationship between aggression and video games be concluded? Ferguson also found in the studies he reviewe d, most of them leaned toward focusing on the negative aspects of video games. The advantage of playing video games can be proven in their ability to enhance learning, hand-eye coordination, and this in turn can enable children and teenagers to do better in school. Violent video games can help overcome anxiety by providing entertainment without leaving the house, taking everyday stresses out on the characters in the game instead of real life, takes the adolescentÃ¢â¬â¢s minds off worries and stress of the outside world, and encourages children to stay out of trouble. Video games can render all of these various statements against video games and their creators are false. Video games help reduce stress and anger by providing an outlet for tension, providing entertainment, and providing motivation to consistently achieve higher scores or levels, in the video games. Violent Video Games do not cause increased violent tendencies in youth and adolescents due to the fact violent video games have been around for years and in those years violence caused by teens have actually been dropping rather than increasing. Also, violent video games have been shown through research that the negatives are highly outweighed by the positives. Also, with the introduction of interactive gaming there are a new range of possibilities for violent video games Very few studies have researched the positive effects of video games. The studies that Ferguson reviewed revealed that viewing violent video games appear to increase a personÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"visuospatial cognitionÃ¢â¬ . According to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary, visuospatial is defined as: Ã¢â¬Å"Of or relating to visual perception of spatial relationships among objects. Ã¢â¬ Watching video games tends to improve hand eye coordination, and gives the person an increased ability to view multiple scenes taking place, like finding where that missing piece of the puzzle is. Ferguson found no correlation between violent video games and negative behavioral effects, only the visual effects noted above. Ferguson concluded that research from current studies have been analyzed cannot link watching violent video games to aggressive behavior. In the study conducted by Jim Blascovich, at the University of California at Santa Barbara, he concluded that the more elaborate the graphics are the more of a tendency exists to exhibit aggressive behavior after viewing video games. Explicit viewing material tended to be more realistic, thus producing aggressive behavior in the real world. As stated earlier, Pac-manÃ¢â¬â¢s graphics were very elementary in content, and as graphics have become more sophisticated, the violence and death scenes have become more realistic in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s video games. Each study reviewed, tended to suggest there is some link between viewing violent video games and aggression. As stated in the article by Porter and Starcevic, Ã¢â¬Å"Several lines of evidence suggest that there is a link between exposure to violent video games and aggressive behavior. However, methodological shortcomings of research conducted so far make several interpretations of this relationship possibleÃ¢â¬ . Can aggressive behavior be completely linked to watching video games? Or are there other extenuating circumstances that influence this behavior? Studies suggest a link in video watching and aggression, but researchers have not been able to find a direct causal relationship between the two. As in most behaviors, there are many other factors that may contribute to the personÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and their actions to a specific event. To conclude that watching violent video games causes aggression cannot be said with certainty, unless other variables can be controlled for. Those variables would include sex, family history, tendencies toward aggressive behavior prior to watching video games, and many other factors that influence our behavior. With the sale of video games in the United States being in the billions and the number of people viewing these acts of violence being so numerous, there had to be other factors that influence this aggressive behavior. The sheer numbers of people who view these violent video games versus the number of aggressive acts are not even close in numbers. After each mass killing that has occurred, the events leading up to it are dissected and studied. It is agreed upon that viewing or playing violent video games were part of these murderersÃ¢â¬â¢ lives, but other influences also were involved. I also believe that the parents are to blame as much as the child in the disciplining of video game use. I mean, yes, video games are the new technological advancement here in America and everybody is eager to see whatÃ¢â¬â¢s next, but this shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t interfere with your daily life. It has been increasingly noticed that some people developed roblem video game use (spending too much time playing video games). Ninety percent of American youth play video games and fifteen percent may be addicted to them. This can cause many parents to be worried whether their child has an addiction or not. To identify a valid addiction there has to be some real problems interfering with daily life. For example, a combination of social, school, family, and psychological functioning being negatively affected by video game use. There is a list of signs that can help you identify if your child has an addiction. The list includes, excessive amount of time spent on video games, how often the child thinks about playing when he is not playing, and video games being the cause of problems in the family or social activities. These are just a few signs to look for a real addiction. Nowadays, violent video games are a big trend and most kids play them, but there is no evidence or proof of these millions of kids playing video games randomly killing people or committing violent acts. Violent video games do create some aggressive thoughts but those thoughts depending on the person can transform to violence or they can simply disappear. There are no longitudinal studies or scientific proof that violent video games are the mere cause of violence or if they do indeed cause violence in the first place. Further research and studies are required in order to know more about the effects of video games. But I think that video games affect each person differently and that the mentality of a person plays a role as well as other factors such as the environment for a person to become violent or not violent. . If that correlation is to be drawn, then more studies will need to be conducted to exclude variables that so far have not been addressed. Work Cited 1. Ferguson, C. J. 2013). Violent video games and the Supreme Court: Lessons for the scientific community in the wake of Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association. American Psychologist, 68(2), 57-74. 2. Blascovich, J. (2002). Social influence within immersive virtual environments (p 127-145). In R. Schroeder (Ed. ) The social life of avatars. Springer-Verlag. 3. www. resea rchgate. net/publication/ Are /79e4150aad92560f34. pdf? 4. history1900s. about. com Ã¢â¬ º Ã¢â¬ º Decade By Decade Ã¢â¬ º 1990s? 5. http://www. nytimes. com/2007/04/16/us/16cnd-shooting. html? pagewanted=allam
Monday, March 9, 2020
Business Writing Skills Introduction Business Writing Skills Sally and Richard Williams, The Oaks, Dubrington. Dear Mr. Mrs. Williams, Re: Your Purchase With respect to the previous correspondence on the above matter, we have in-closed copies of all the documents that relate to your purchase for your kind consideration. This is in fulfilment of the requirement of section 1(4) of the Property Act law. The law expects sellerÃ¢â¬â¢s solicitors to supply you with the stated documents in order for the purchase to be completed effectively. This property is registered at the Land Registry with an absolute freehold title. Nevertheless, there is a small area of land coloured red. The Gas Board has a right to laying a gas pipe across the land within the area coloured red. Because of this right, you are advised not to erect any permanent structures on this property since this right is not time bound. This means that the Gas Board can access that area unconditionally and are not liable of any destruction of property that may result due to their operations. Of course, the board would have to make good any damage or losses caused thereby. However, to be on the safe side, it has been deemed necessary that you are informed of this issue. In case you donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand the information presented in these documents, please contact us as soon as possible for clarification.Ã More information concerning the above communication will be availed as soon as the surveys and searches are availed to us from the land registry. Warm regards, Josephine Brown Vice President of Myton Co Solicitors 555-333-4321 [emailprotected] References Guffey, M. 2003, Business Communication: Process Product. New York, NY: Cengage Learning. Means, T. 2009, Business Communications, New York, NY: Cengage Learning. Ober, S., 2007, Contemporary Business Communication. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Recruitment Selection & Placement class; Case Study 1 - Essay Example By focusing on people, the company has also identified the procedures and practices of people that affect the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity, turnover, profitability and sales. The primary sources of success of McDonalds are customer satisfaction, high valuation of its employees, good execution of excellent strategy and identifying people techniques and practices that significantly affect the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity, turnover, profitability, sales and customer service. The satisfaction of its customers relies on the quality of service that they obtain from the employees and the ability of the employees to serve the customers accurately and quickly. Another source of success is the value that the company attaches to its employees. The company constantly reminds its workers that they, together with their contributions and growth, are highly valued. McDonalds also ensures that the employees have what is necessary for the performance of tasks. It ensures this through training the team members. The company also attains success through tracking the key pointers of product and service quality, accuracy and speed. McDonald attains has aligned its business, human resources and staffing strategies by identifying the practices and techniques of people that have a significant effect on its productivity, turnover, profitability, sales and customer service. This, however, permits McDonald to develop a business model that not only stresses on operational and financial factors, but also people factors. This allows the improvement of worker dedication, productivity, and retention and customer loyalty (Phillips & Gully, 2012). Additionally, since the company business strategy centers on offering customers quick, quality and clean service, it employs young people, who undergo training within the company to fill its positions. Notably, in order to attain the business